Central High School, now know as Central Academy of Excellence was established in 1867. Prior to the Civil War, all education was through private schools or individual instruction. Central School opened at 11th and Locust and Central High School moved to its current location
Central High School moved to its current location in 1915.
Before 1954 the Kansas City Missouri School District operated a state-sanctioned segregated school district. All white students attended all-white schools and black students attended predominantly black schools. In 1955, in response to the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Supreme Court ruling, the Kansas City, Missouri School District eliminated explicitly racial attendance zones and replaced them with neighborhood attendance zones. The school district made frequent shifts in attendance areas of its schools over the next two decades, typically shifting white areas from the western most portions of the racial transitional zones and attaching them to all-white school zones further west.
Central Academy, all white in 1954 became 97 percent black by 1961. During this same time period, the schools west of Troost Avenue remained predominantly white. In comparison, Southwest High School was only 0.01 percent black in 1955 and only 0.8 percent black in 1970.
Sources A Condensed History of the Kansas City Area: Its Mayors and Some V.I.P.s. George Fuller Green. Race, Real Estate, and Uneven Development: The Kansas City Experience, 1900-2010. Kevin Fox Gotham, 2014.